PostgreSQL vs. MySQL: Which is Better?

PostgreSQL and MySQL are open source databases for data analysis for commercial enterprises. A user can use either database management system, but one question remains.

PostgreSQL vs. MySQL: Which is Better?

The choice between PostgreSQL and MySQL depends on the necessary scalability and reliability of the data management functions. PostgreSQL offers relational and non-relational solutions with great scalability when there are multiple operators. Moreover, there are plenty of optimization options to perform business tasks and administrative commands.

Cloud data storage companies rely on MySQL for its fast capacity that makes transactions smoother. This data management system is preferred among companies that deal with detailed consumer information.

Additionally, MySQL is popular among commercial businesses because it runs on older engines like InnoDB and MyISAM. The relational management application can reduce heavy data analysis times if the instructions are customized.

Additionally, the efficiency of write speeds is what differentiates performance between PostgreSQL and MySQL. Choosing the right business application depends on the pros and cons of their features.

Since most applications can run on PostgreSQL or MySQL, the choice of relational data management will come down to what standards of functionality are acceptable to the business.


Relative market share

PostgreSQL has modern SQL policy-friendly features that involve function overloading and table inheritance. As a result, the software has a 15.27% market share for relational databases, with 33.66% in the US, 5.74% in the UK, and 5.73% in Brazil. This makes it a popular option among 32 competitors in the commercial database market.

Although PostgreSQL is relatively new to database management systems, it has the potential to be widely adopted in open source commercial use as companies become familiar with its advanced features. Multinational corporations that engage in machine learning services or in-depth data analytics can benefit from the software even with its current market share.

What is PostgreSQL used for?

PostgreSQL is a popular software solution, used even by Apple for database functions on macOS. Its popularity is partly due to its being free for developers as well as its ability to have custom features based on data preferences. Additionally, this software promotes multiple operators simultaneously to complete integrated data functions for information management systems that require reliable performance.

Software development is the primary use for PostgreSQL, as companies rely on the software as the foundation for new applications, securing development programs and maintaining data integrity. Operating systems also rely on PostgreSQL since the open source software offers upgrade features for Linux, Windows, and Unix programs. Moreover, its customizable feature allows the software to avoid compiling data while creating a new programming language like Python.

Main advantages of PostgreSQL

  • PostgreSQL does not charge subscription fees, which reduces budget costs for many companies. This benefits the business that wants free access to robust software with customizable options.
  • A company can modify the functions of PostgreSQL because it is open source software. Additionally, the variety of ways PostgreSQL can work with database management systems makes this software flexible enough to meet a wide range of business needs.
  • PostgreSQL works through creative collaboration, which means that developers from different companies can come up with database management solutions at any time. This condition makes the software reliable for several users around the world.
  • The scalability of PostgreSQL is unlimited and allows users to compile multiple databases according to their needs.

PostgreSQL Key Shortcomings

  • Data reading speed is slower for PostgreSQL compared to performance standards like MySQL. Therefore, PostgreSQL requires read speed adjustments when designing application compatibility to support optimal functionality.
  • PostgreSQL is not supported on many open source applications, which limits its usability in database management.
  • The lack of organizational support makes the software unpopular even with its market share among other database management systems. Moreover, PostgreSQL lacks notoriety to benefit from market growth because it is an open source software.


Relative market share

MySQL holds 44.04% of the relative market share of database management tools, with 31.39% of its market in the US, 8.19% in India and 6.75% in the UK. The open source software is the leader among other relational databases that exist in the market. MySQL is commonly used in web development, followed closely by software development and marketing.

What is MySQL used for?

The computer software industry in the United States generally relies on MySQL for relational database management. Web development is the primary use of MySQL, which is general in industrial database management.

Most businesses operating with MySQL are small scale with around 10-50 employees. WordPress, Drupal, phpBB and Joomla are general applications that use MySQL. Additionally, custom versions of the open-source software are used to power Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube.

Key Benefits of MySQL

  • MySQL runs on multiple platforms, which makes the software portable when using web applications. The software can run on Windows, Linux and Solaris which are standard in database management servers. MySQL also supports multiple languages, such as C, Java, PHP, Python, C++, and PERL. This feature makes the software good value for money when users are in different locations.
  • The MySQL connection is continuous while ensuring the integrity and protection of server data. MySQL supports UNIX and TCP sockets which are reliable in transmitting data between servers.
  • Encryption algorithms for MySQL are complex to provide users with reliable data protection when using platforms like Facebook or Twitter. The software’s security mechanism prevents the exposure of sensitive information that frequently visits typical web applications.
  • MySQL is open source software that optimizes budget costs for companies looking for a reliable database management system.

Main shortcomings of MySQL

  • MySQL does not support bulk database processing, which can limit business management services for web applications.
  • MySQL feature limitations create constraints in general functionality. Additionally, the lack of advanced features for customizing databases makes the software less ideal for businesses.
  • MySQL is limited to publishing test bug reports or issuing security patches despite being open source software. This condition makes the software unappealing to developers who prefer paid options.
  • mysql is struggling to retain market share as platforms like Maria Database continue to pick up popular subscribers like Fedora, OpenSUSE, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and Slackware Linux. This model shows that MySQL has limitations despite the compelling features it advertises over the years.

Comparison between PostgreSQL and MySQL


PostgreSQL has multiple features and is not as user-friendly due to its complex setup procedure. Users need advanced knowledge to take advantage of complex features when managing databases.

By comparison, MySQL is user-friendly and simple when building a database system, as the limited availability of complex features requires little knowledge for configuration.


PostgreSQL offers advanced features ideal for managing single databases that make it easy to customize applications based on user functionality. In comparison, MySQL has limited functionality and is less ideal for handling complex processes.


MySQL has better integration than PostgreSQL as it is widely adaptable and accessible from popular commercial platforms. Additionally, community support for MySQL allows developers to provide regular updates or troubleshoot issues as they arise.


In terms of collaboration, MySQL is limited in standard functionality when using different applications whose features are constantly evolving. On the other hand, PostgreSQL supports complex functionality well when a business grows in its need for robust databases.


PostgreSQL has no license fees and is free for commercial applications. This condition makes it more attractive compared to MySQL because it does not require a commercial license for software development and project distribution. And although MySQL is free, its limitations require an Oracle license for commercial use.

PostgreSQL vs MySQL: the verdict

When choosing between PostgreSQL and MySQL, PostgreSQL is the best choice for large enterprises managing complex and large volumes of data.

PostgreSQL has multiple features to handle the complexities of commercial distribution in database management. As databases become more complex, commercial enterprises can benefit from customizing PostgreSQL to manipulate data.

While MySQL remains important in data analysis, its functionality is best suited to small data volumes which can limit application developers in the long run.